Last edited by Mocage
Wednesday, February 5, 2020 | History

4 edition of Aspects of Zina Kotoko grammar found in the catalog.

Aspects of Zina Kotoko grammar

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  • 14 Currently reading

Published by Lincom Europa in München .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Kotoko dialects -- Grammar.,
  • Chadic languages -- Grammar.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    StatementBodil Kappel Schmidt, David Odden, and Anders Holmberg (eds.)
    SeriesLINCOM studies in African linguistics -- 54
    ContributionsKappel Schmidt, Bodil., Odden, David Arnold, 1954-, Holmberg, Anders.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 196 p. :
    Number of Pages196
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19159134M
    ISBN 103895864528

    This approach is not unproblematic either. The proposal consists of three projects: 1 a project studying tone-vowel interactions; 2 a project studying consonant-tone interactions; 3 a project studying the historical development of the tones. Year 3: Working out analyses: 10 months holiday 1 month; course 1 month. En waarom verschillen de Limburgse dialecten zo van allerlei andere bekende talen in deze relaties? Consonant voicing, too, has played a very important role at various stages in the development of the Franconian dialects, and always with regard to the vowel on the left.

    There is very little evidence for ergative syntax. Journal of Macrolinguistics 3 pp Were the lengthening syllables originally interpreted as monomoraic, and did a further lengthening cause them to be reinterpreted as bimoraic? While it is important to test theories, doing so presupposes description.

    A syntactic universal and its consequences. Current drafts, recent unpublished research and some selected presentations not mentioned elsewhere De Vos, M. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 38 2 : pp This would be easy even for an amateur to look up.


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Aspects of Zina Kotoko grammar Download PDF Ebook

Thus instead of bothering the readers with a detailed and complicated grammar, a simplified but Aspects of Zina Kotoko grammar book effective grammar learning method has been introduced which makes the understanding of the grammar as easy and enjoyable as possible. And, in fact, more than half of the pages in the book are not devoted to descriptive linguistics, but instead discuss how aspects of Zina Kotoko grammar conform to various theoretical frameworks Aspects of Zina Kotoko grammar book by the authors.

Papers and book chapters Mesthrie, R. Edited Volumes Blaho, S. The complex verb forms are retained before most subordinators and in both members of a compound verb.

Silvermanthere is also a connection between tone and length: level high-toned syllables tend to be perceived as longer than syllables without a level high tone. The idea is that L is an abstract feature that is realized phonetically as a low tone when it is linked to a vowel, but as voicing when it is linked to a consonant.

It's apparent that we can't trust the de Vos's knowledge of the language, but hopefully he is correct on the outlines of NP agreement and clefting constructions which he is more interested in than tones.

Project 3 Year 1: Study of the literature on historical phonology, dialectology, language acquisition and theoretical linguistics: 5 months; additional work with informants: 2 months in Limburg; supervision of projects 1 and 2: 1 month each; developing analyses: 2 months; holiday 1 month.

Het lijkt net alsof de toon die de stomme e van nature al had meegekregen van de voorafgaande medeklinker onder sommige omstandigheden werd overgedragen op de klinker die nog wel overbleef.

Schmidt, J. We are told in the introductory paradigms p. If level high tones and monophthongs are both associated to long duration, they are also associated to each other by transitivity.

Stellenbosch Papers in Linguistics 43 pp A lot is in there, such as adverbs, negation and notes on what is ungrammatical where one could have expected otherwise.

When ‘nor’ means ‘neither’

Pseudo coordinative predicates, agreement and Afrikaans. Newcastle Working Papers in Linguistics v. Hombert, J. Kaye, J. It is thus syllable structure that regulates tone, and separately from that, aperture as well.

Cape Town July For example, upon noting that you can, just like in Italian, use a definite article plus a possessive pronoun ''the my book'' in Zina Kotoko p. For instance, it is hard to see how it can be extended to the dialects in which the falling tone is linked to more open vowels and the level high tone favours more closed vowels; a separate hypothesis seems to be needed to explain these relations.

Aspects of Zina Kotoko grammar book, spoken by about Million people in Africa and 7th most widely spoken language in the world has been influenced for a long time by Aspects of Zina Kotoko grammar book foreign languages especially by Arabic and English.

Holmberg gives examples on prepositions involving and head and back there are morethen notes p. Obviously, the work in question is much better than nothing and as such it is a significant contribution to our knowledge of languages of the world.

We don't get the usual extensive history of the speakers and history of research on the language and related languages. If you are an adventurer, planning to go to the exciting world of Africa where Swahili is the language of communication or if you are a person with a free spirit looking for a new exotic language, this Swahili grammar book with its new introduced grammar teaching method is the right choice for you.

Michels 86present-day researchers are much more cautious, perhaps because the current distribution of the tonal dialects excludes the larger area in which open-syllable-lengthening did not occur before voiceless consonants cf.

Lahiri ed.Learning the basic Arabic grammar topics that assist the students in learning sentences and enable them to use them correctly; Writing exercise that assist students in understanding the Arabic grammar, at the same time enhancing their understanding of the vocabulary used taught in the related topics in Kitabi 4.

It can also form new adpositions by combining with adjectives (be-needA-en, ‘below’) or prepositions (be-ove(r)P-(e)n ‘above’). We propose an analysis of be- based on Aboh’s () account for complex locative expressions in typologically different languages. Generative linguistics or generative grammar, a field of study that originates in the work of Noam Chomsky, is an attempt to discover the nature of the human language faculty, specifically of Universal Grammar (UG).

The immediate goal of this approach to linguistics is to develop mathematical models of various aspects of human language.Oct 15,  · A pdf book takes a closer look.

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